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62. July-Septembre 19
Quarterly Newsletter of the Landscape Observatory of Catalonia

Dynamic Conservation of Traditional Agricultural Landscapes: The Challenge of the FAO's GIAHS programme

Clelia Maria Puzzo
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)

Today is a crucial time for agriculture which, in addition to the characteristic challenges inherent in the rural setting, is facing sudden climatic, environmental, social as well as technological changes. Its capacity to adapt to change is undergoing a severe test particularly with respect to certain production models. Notwithstanding the fact that the systems are sustainable per se, the impact on their internal balance is greater due to their interconnectedness with the natural cycles, leading to a great risk of loss of biodiversity, inappropriate use of natural resources and failing to remember the intrinsic values of what an agricultural ecosystem is. [+]
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First map published of Landscapes in Catalonia
The Landscape Observatory of Catalonia and the Geological and Cartographic Institute of Catalonia have recently published a map of 134 landscapes in Catalonia, categorised and described by the Landscape Observatory of Catalonia in the landscape catalogues. The map illustrates the rich diversity of landscapes in Catalonia, which include some of the highest on the European continent. Each landscape (officially termed “landscape unit”) is a portion of territory differentiated from the rest of it. The map also includes the singularities and characteristic elements and the more than five hundred viewpoints identified in the landscape catalogs of Catalonia.
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The Landscape Observatory received the New Territorial Culture Award
The New Territorial Culture Award was presented to the Landscape Observatory of Catalonia this past 30th May 2019, in the management category. The award, with no prize money, is an initiative of the Spanish Geographers’ Association and the Catalan Geographers’ Association, whose goal is to foster a new territorial culture through the recognition of persons, entities and institutions that have contributed in a relevant manner to promoting the planning and management of territories on the basis of the values of environmental sustainability, economic efficiency and social equity.

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The book (Des)fer paisatges is available in digital format
The complete text of the book (Des)fer paisatges, a collection of all the presentations of the seminar held in 2017 in Torroella de Montgrí, is now available in the website of the Landscape Observatory. In the attempt to face the legacy of the real estate boom, the need to reconsider the territory and look for ways to recover these spaces became apparent. The world of art and citizens have much to say in the processes of restoration and deurbanization.
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Summary of the symposium on Landscape, Agriculture and Women
The International symposium Landscape, Agriculture and Women was held in the Refetor Auditorium of the Cartoixa d’Escaladei (Priorat) this past May 2019. Initiatives and projects from all over the world that work to recognise resilient agrarian models were presented over two days, demonstrating from the perspective of tradition and innovation the viability of systems that fit territorial idiosyncrasies and provide a dignified life for the persons living in them who build it day by day. They are models where the role of women is of prime importance, both in their daily routines and in knowledge transmission. You could read the summary here.
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The Course on Landscape for Local Administration Technicians has ended
The course "Paisatge. Ordenació i gestió a escala local" (Landscape. Planning and Management at the Local Level) organized by the Provincial Council of Tarragona and the Landscape Observatory of Catalonia, was attended by approximately seventy persons this past month of June in different emblematic parts of Camp de Tarragona and Terres de l’Ebre. The goal of the course was to make the potential of landscape policies as well as landscape planning and management tools for local development known. The course materials can be consulted in the website of the Landscape Observatory.
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Urban Landscape Studies of Barcelona
It has been some time since the Municipal Institute of the Urban Landscape of Barcelona undertook Urban Landscape Studies in order to provide a deep knowledge of the territory and to formulate reflections and intervention proposals for looking after the landscape, improving it and valuing it as a common good for the citizens. The starting point of these studies are urban landscape units understood as areas of the city that have a character and identity that give them their own idiosyncrasy. These documents will together make up the Barcelona Urban Landscape Catalogue in the future. At present, you can consult studies here.
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Survey to shed light on the values of the landscapes in Occitania
From 6th June to 1st December 2019, anybody who lives in or visits the Occitanian region (France) can participate in the survey created by the Regional Directorate of the Environment, Management and Housing of Occitania. The goal is to identify the personal feelings and perceptions of the inhabitants and visitors to this region, in order to know and understand the different ways of living, of appreciations and remembrances of the territories experienced by inhabitants and visitors, thus obtaining an original reading that will guide new action proposals for Occitanian territories.
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The participation sessions of the Penedès Landscape Catalog finish
The last four sessions in workshop format were held last June, with the local administrations and agents interested in the Penedès. The main tools that have shaped the process of information and citizen participation for the elaboration of the Landscape Catalog of the Penedès, in which more than 350 people have participated, have been completed and 14 activities have been carried out. This process has included four briefings, four diagnostic workshops, four action proposal workshops, one online survey that was active for four and a half months, and an email address where contributions can be made that will remain open until the end of the elaboration of the Catalog. On the website http://paisatgepenedes.cat/ you can find all the information related to the Catalog.
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FAD 2019 prize to the project Passeig Marítim del Prat de Llobregat
The Passeig Marítim del Prat de Llobregat has been awarded the FAD Architecture Awards. Specifically, he has received the prize for the City and Landscape Category. The prize-winning work is from the architect Imma Jansana, together with Conchita de la Villa and Robert de Paauw. The jury of the prizes has considered that the Passeig Marítim del Prat is an exemplary work because it manages to conjugate in a subtle way the will to preserve and improve fragile natural spaces, with its use, enjoyment and appreciation by the citizens. The configuration of the Passeig Marítim takes into account the recovery of dune ecosystems, native vegetation and humid zones, which combines with internal routes, furniture and recreational and educational uses that respect the environment.
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Second Season of the Television Programme Paisatges encreuats (Cross country landscapes)
The Xarxa de Televisions Locals (Network of Local Televisions) started the first season of Paisatges encreuats (Cross Country Landscapes) in October 2018, presented by Albert Brosa and produced by Olot Televisió and La Xarxa with the assistance of the Catalan Landscape Observatory. The series focuses on different landscapes in Catalonia based on the classification made by the Observatory. The second season of thirteen chapters began in April 2019. All the chapters can be viewed here.
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III Meeting on Landscape and Identity
The Landscape Group of the Spanish Geographers’ Association has organized the Third Workshop that was held from 4th to 7th July in Ronda. This third edition was dedicated to landscape as an expression of the cultural identity of those who live in it and as a factor for conserving and affirming this identity. The meetings were a space open to debate that, on this occasion, has focused on the strategies to be followed in order to protect, manage and plan landscapes as a way of safeguarding the identity and diversity of the forms, functions and perceptions of our territories.
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Information System of the Council of Europe's European Landscape Convention
The Information System of the Council of Europe Landscape Convention is a data base created in order to gather information on landscape policies being implemented in the respective European states and regions. The information system, promoted by the Council of Europe, enable everyone to access information and experiences of landscape protection, management and planning in Europe, while facilitating interstate and interregional exchange and cooperation in the application of the European Landscape Convention. The Landscape Observatory has collaborated both in designing the system as well as entering the information corresponding to Catalonia.
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Urbanistic Master Plan for camping activities
The Department of Urban Habitat and Territory of the Department of Territory and Sustainability is preparing the Urbanistic Master Plan for camping activities that should be used to order the new camping activities so that they are environmentally, socially and economically sustainable and integrated in the landscape. The Secretariat has organized several sessions of debate with the actors of the territory. One of them, where the Landscape Observatory participated, had the objective of knowing the concerns of the sector and the citizens about the impacts of camping activities in the environment and in the landscape.
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Videos of the seminar Landscape/kW available in the website
The videos of the seminar Landscape/kW. Significance and Values of Electric Energy Landscapes held in March 2019 in Tremp, and organized by the Pirineus.watt Association, the IDAPA and the Landscape Observatory are now available. Hydroelectric energy has played a key role in the industrialization of the country. For producer territories, like those of the Pyrenees, it entailed the greatest socioeconomic transformation of the past 100 years and left an extraordinary imprint on the landscape. The great symbolic power of hydroelectric infrastructures in the Catalan territory invites us to talk about the new images and significance that these landscapes transmit to us. You can find the videos here.
Territoris pel Paisatge
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Administrations and Entities sign the Garraf Landscape Charter
The Garraf Landscape Charter was signed by the Minister of Territory and Sustainability, Damià Calvet, and the President of the Garraf County Council, Glòria Garcia, on Friday 3rd May, with other city councils and entities adhering later on. The director of the Landscape Observatory, Pere Sala i Martí, was present at the act and also signed the Charter. The document was drawn up by the County Council with the assistance of the Landscape Observatory. [+]
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Results of the Fòrum Verge Extra: Oli i Territori
The Fòrum Verge Extra: Oli i Territori  (Extra Virgin Forum: Oil and Territory) was born to confirm whether in the territory of Les Garrigues, Urgell and Baix Segrià there is enough potential to build a local development strategy that includes and facilitates the synergy between the productive, commercial and gastronomic fields and landscaping. For three consecutive days, five experts participated in the evaluation, among them, Pere Sala i Martí, director of the Landscape Observatory of Catalonia. On June 21,  was celebrated a seminar in which attendees prioritized the writing of the landscape chart. During the event, a documentary video on diagnosis and the project (also available in the summary version) was available.
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Mapa Literari Català d'Espais Escrits
Update of the web application, created in 2010, that enables different points of the world geography that have Catalan literature text references to be consulted. This tool not only unites literature and landscape but is also a worldwide reference in terms of literary cartography.  
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Natura ús o abús? (2018)
Forty years after its first edition, and twenty since the updated second edition, stock is being taken of what has occurred during this period of time in this collective and constructive work that has become a reference in the world of management and conservation of the natural heritage.
Arxiu d'Imatges
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Jacques Simon. Gli altri paesaggi. Idee e riflessioni sul territorio = Jacques Simon. The Other landscapes. Ideas and thoughts on the territory
Daniela Colafranceschi; Teresa Galí-Izard. Melfi: Libria, 2018. ISBN: 978-88-6764-155-0.

Book on the thoughts and projects of the French landscaper from the second half of the 20th century, Jacques Simon, who left a rich legacy of drawings, water colours, photographs and experimental construction models of exceptional artistic and pedagogical value for all landscapers and nature lovers. A part of this extraordinary heritage is illustrated with commentaries and notes made by Simon himself exclusively in this publication.   
Ecoanimal. Una estética plurisensorial, ecologista y animalista
Marta Tafalla. Barcelona: Plaza y Valdés, 2019. ISBN: 978-84-17121-20-4.

The author, a philosopher and member of the Animal Ethics Committee of the Pompeu Fabra University, presents an urgent correction of the popular concept of a beautiful life. She explains the need for an ecologic and animalistic aesthetics that reconciles us with the earth and the animals that inhabit it.  
Landscape Design in a Changing World
Gabriele Paolinelli. Firenze: Dipartimento di Architettura, Università degli Studi di Firenze, 2018. ISBN: 978-88-3338-04-21.

Landscape architecture is an efficient tool for conceiving the sustainable transformation of urban habitats. This book proposes some themes considered important as a whole and the interpretation of their contemporaneity.
Análise, ordenação e projeto da paisagem uma abordagem sistêmica
Raquel Tardin (coord.). Rio de Janeiro: Rio Books, 2018. ISBN: 978-85-9497-034-3.

This book aims to contribute in terms of theory, methodology and practice to the sustainable development of urban landscapes. It is a collection of 12 articles that deal with landscape analysis, planning and design through approaches that favour systemic, interdisciplinary and participative ways, at different scales. You could download here.
Paisaxes nacionais no mundo global
Juan Manual Trillo Santamaría, Rubén Camilo Lois González (ed.). Santiago de Compostela: Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Grupo de Analise Territorial, 2019. ISBN: 978-84-09-09687-9.

This book is the result of a seminar aimed at discussing the ways of addressing the multiple national landscapes that exist in current times. Nations and landscapes are closely related, territorial construction being linked to a specific nation requiring a specific landscape, or a set of differentiated landscapes that are represented and interiorised as national landscapes.
Emotional Landscape: socio-environmental conflict and place attachment. Experience from the Wielkopolska Region
Iwona Markuszewska. Poznan: Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe, 2019. ISBN: 978-83-7986-228-3.

This monograph presents a socio-environmental conflict analyzed in the context of relations that the community under study associates with the place of residence, the local social group and the agricultural landscape. The paper also explores the problem of the social consequences of mining.  
Guía de criterios para la integración paisajística de actividades extractivas en Navarra
Carmen Mataix González; Nacho Diéz Torrijos. Pamplona: Gobierno de Navarra, 2019. ISBN: 978-84-235-3510-1.

The goal of this first technical-informative guide is to serve as a tool for preventing deterioration of the landscape that extraction areas can generate in all stages of the life cycle of mining projects, from researching an optimum location to closure and cessation of the site, and including the phases of designing, building facilities and infrastructures and exploitation of the site.
Construint el territori, arquitectura tradicional i paisatge a Catalunya
Fabien Van Geert; Ferran Estrada Bonell. Barcelona: Generalitat de Catalunya, Departament de Cultura, 2018. ISBN: 978-84-393-9842-4.

Catalogue of the exhibition bearing the same name, that approaches traditional architecture from an eminently ethnological perspective to show the man-environment-architecture relationship by looking at different historical, cultural and rural production landscapes and settings in Catalonia.  
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