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Hima: Methodology for Local Involvement and Management of Singular Landscapes

Hima: una metodologia per a la implicació local en la gestió de paisatges singulars







Scope of application:



In Arabic, 'hima' means 'protected area', and it refers to a traditional model for the protection of natural resources used on the Arabian Peninsula for more than 1500 years. The idea of 'hima' originated in tribal systems, based on their need to ensure survival in extremely challenging environments. Subsequently, Islamic culture attributed the concept with additional connotations, such as equity, common good, equality of opportunities and joint decision making. The ‘hima' methodology, designed by the Society for the Protection of Nature in Lebanon (SPNL), is applied first and foremost to an area that ensures the survival of human populations through a sustainable system of resources and landscape that benefits everyone residing there. The concept of ‘hima' places local communities in a leading role, which is a fundamental aspect in order to achieve effective protection and management, and to promote transparency and democratisation in decision making processes. Ultimately, local populations know their own territory best and are the only ones that can protect their own landscape. This is why concepts like 'hima' are so well received socially.

Source of funding:


Promoting stakeholders:

Society for the Protection of Nature in Lebanon (SPNL)



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