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Historic gardens all over the world

The following links lead to some of the most emblematic historic gardens all over the world. It is worth remembering that we have only featured gardens that have an active website, so this criterion obviously excludes other gardens or collections of great interest that cannot be visited on the Internet.

International

AUSTRALIA

Carlton Gardens (Melbourne)

Website of the city of Melbourne with a detailed description of its various parks. Carlton Gardens are a spectacular example of a Victorian-style park. A large part of the gardens have remained virtually unchanged since they were redesigned to host the Melbourne Exposition in 1880. They have been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Goverment House Garden (Darwin)

Basic information on the tropical gardens which were created in 1878 and then remodelled in 1930 by Hilda Abbott. They currently cover an area of 1.4 hectares and have been declared the most beautiful gardens in Australia by various state organizations.

CANADA

Annapolis Royal Historic Gardens (New Scotland)

Detailed information on Annapolis Royal Historic Gardens. The gardens were created in the town of Annapolis Royal in the 17th century. They have evolved over the years, bearing witness to the first French settlers in the region and the glory days of the town in the 19th century when it was a leading ship-building community.

Butchart Gardens (British Columbia)

Information on the gardens which were instigated in 1904 by Jennie Butchart, and in 2004 were protected by the Canadian government as a Historic Site.

Hatley Park Gardens (Vancouver)

Detailed information and a splendid gallery of photos. The gardens are on Vancouver Island (British Columbia) and were established around Hatley Castle, built at the beginning of the 20th century. They include an Italian garden, a Japanese garden and an extraordinary rose garden. Various events are held here, such as conferences and film screenings, as well as other educational activities, all featured on the website. In 1995 they were declared a National historic site.

Le Domaine Joly-De Lotbinière (Quebec)

Website containing basic information. The garden is situated in a village close to the city of Quebec. It is a very large estate where you can visit an old, traditional house which has been restored with typical period scenes and enjoy the hundred-year-old trees and ancient flora of its gardens.

Maison et Jardins Chénier-Sauvé (Saint-Eustache, Quebec)

Detailed information on these gardens, some of whose trees are hundreds of years old, and more than 3,000 species of plants. Huge efforts have been made to ensure successive flowering by combining imported plants with wild and indigenous ones.

CHINA

Summer Palace garden in the Imperial City of Peking (Beijing)

UNESCO world heritage site website, to which these gardens belong. The summer palace of the Imperial City of Peking (Beijing) was built in 1750, destroyed in the war of 1860, and rebuilt in 1886. It is regarded as a masterpiece of classical Chinese garden style.

Suzhou (Jiangsu)

Tourism-related website on China containing basic information on the gardens and photos. The garden has been granted World Heritage status by UNESCO.

INDIA

Lodi Gardens (Delhi)

Tourism-related website on Delhi including basic information on the park, which originated in the town established between the 15th and 16th centuries by the Savyid and Lodi dynasties. The British modified the gardens by adapting them to the English style during the 19th and 20th centuries, though some of the original buildings have been preserved. They are currently used to host cultural and recreational activities.

Taj Mahal (Uttar Pradesh)

UNESCO world heritage website in which we can find a brief abstract of the palace and garden's characteristics, a virtual view and some interesting links. Taj Mahal is one of the most important buildings in the world.

IRAN

Bagh-e-Fin (Kashan)

Tourist website on Iran containing basic information on the gardens, which are some of the most famous in the country. This space, designed by Shah Abbas I, represents a classical vision of paradise and was created as an oasis, in contrast to the completely arid surroundings of the salt desert.

JAPAN

Daigoji Temple (Kyoto)

Detailed information on everything you need to visit the complex, the activities held there and the characteristics of the gardens in every season of the year. The Daigoji temple, built on Kamidaigo Mountain, was created by a branch of Japanese Buddhists.

Engakuji Temple (Kamakura)

Tourism-related website on Japan containing basic information on the gardens. The temple belongs to the Engakuji school, a branch of Zen Buddhism, and is the second of the five great Zen temples of Kamakura.

Ginkaku-ji Temple (Kyoto)

Tourism-related website on Japan containing basic information. The temple is also known as the Temple of the Silver Pavilion. It was built by a branch of Zen Buddhists known as Rinzai Zen and was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1994.

Heian Jingu Sanctuary (Kyoto)

Basic information on the estate, comprising four gardens running off the four corners of the main building. These gardens are one of the most representative examples of garden design in the Meiji period (1868-1912). The famous Festival of Ages is held at the complex, and the website gives you all the information you need to visit it.

Ryoanji Temple (Kyoto)

Website containing detailed information and an interesting philosophical perspective on the composition of the gardens. The temple gardens consist of a rectangular layout covered in white raked sand with fifteen stones, intended to represent the ocean with various islands. Trees and plants have been eliminated from the garden to give it greater simplicity.

MOROCCO

Agdal (Marrakech)

Tourism-related website on the city of Marrakech containing basic information on the Agdal gardens which surround the Dar El Mahkzen palace and were created during the Almohade dynasty in the 12th century. These are thus the oldest gardens in the city, though they currently reflect the most recent remodelling which was done in the 19th century.

Jardin Majorelle (Marrakech)

Detailed information with an emphasis on the flora and scenery. The gardens were created by Jacques Majorelle, a French painter who decided to pursue his career in Marrakech in 1919, and since 1947 they have been open to the public.

PAKISTAN

Bagh-i Wah (Hasan)

Themed website on the Gardens of the Mughal Empire route. These gardens, in the town of Hasan Abdal close to the city of Islamabad and the Buddhist monastery of Taxila, feature a fantastic array of techniques for saving and using water. The gardens have been restored by the Pakistan government.

Hiran Minar (Sheikhupura)

Themed website on the Gardens of the Mughal Empire route. To the north of the town of Sheikhupura is what used to be a private hunting ground for the local princes known as Hiran Minar. The gardens are laid out around a pavilion and a minaret and feature ponds and fountains.

Shadhara (Lahore)

Themed website on the Gardens of the Mughal Empire route. Shadara is both geographically and strategically important as it is the gateway into Lahore from Kabuli and Kashmir. The Mughal royalty created some very important gardens in this area as another expression of architecture.

Shalamar garden (Lahore)

Themed website on the Gardens of the Mughal Empire route. Palace from the Mughal era which stood very close to the city of Lahore on the banks of the River Ravi. A channel from the river fed water to the hundreds of fountains, pools and parterres. All these features are laid out on terraces to enable the irrigation system of channels to work. In Mughal times, the landscape in this area must have contrasted sharply with the surrounding area, which at that time was just desert.

The Fortress Gardens of Lahore (Lahore)

Themed website on the Gardens of the Mughal Empire route. These gardens were built in the fortified area of the city of Lahore, which was the political and dynastic centre of the city. The whole complex is listed as Endangered Heritage by UNESCO.

SOUTHAFRICA

Brenthurst Garden (Houghton, Johannesburg)

Accurate description of the various elements making up the gardens. The gardens were created in the last century around a mansion known as Brenthurst and are currently the biggest gardens in South Africa. They are made up of different units which together form a harmonious whole.

SRI LANKA

Sigiriya Gardens (Sri Lanka)

Basic information on the complex which includes the gardens, at the foot of Lion Mountain, where you will find a famous house within the roots of a tree, an aquatic garden and spectacular stone formations. This spot has been venerated since prehistoric times. The whole complex is regarded as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

UNITED STATES

Balboa Park (San Diego)

Website of the city of San Diego with detailed information on Balboa Park, which owes its name to Vasco Núñez de Balboa, recognised as the first European to see the Pacific ocean. Its origins date back to the 19th century. The gardens are now part of a large complex near San Diego Zoo, housing museums, gardens, a zoo, a theatre and many other facilities and activities organized by cultural and recreational associations.

Central Park (Manhattan, New York)

Website containing information provided by the non-governmental organization Central Park Conservancy. The site hosts an interesting virtual tour. Central Park is one of the most emblematic urban parks in the world, and one of the first major parks to be conceived as an infrastructure for public service. It currently represents a green oasis in the huge urban development that is Manhattan Island.

Filoli Gardens (San Francisco)

Very detailed information on these gardens to the south of San Francisco, which have become one of the most interesting early-20th century gardens in the USA.

Golden Gate Park (San Francisco)

Tourism-orientated website containing basic information. The park was created in 1870 by John McLaren, a disciple of F. L. Olmsted. Despite its appearance as an urban park, it actually measures 5 kilometres long by 0.8 wide, and has a sand dune ecosystem covered by more than a million trees where bison still roam. The park is thus a huge natural landscape and at the same time a cultural and recreational centre for the city with numerous activities going on there, such as concerts, scientific research, golf courses and horseback riding.

Longwood Gardens (Pennsylvania)

Website containing very detailed information. The Longwood gardens have a historic background and are currently devoted to disseminating the arts and processes of horticulture and gardening to the general public.

Magnolia (Charleston)

Detailed information and a video on the gardens. The Magnolia Plantation was founded in 1676 and is one of the oldest gardens in the United States. It was also the first garden to be given public status, and was already open to the public in 1872. They contain a stunning range of magnolias and other flowers.

The Gardens of Kingwood (Mansfield, Ohio)

Detailed information and a wealth of photographic material. The historic garden of Mansfield (Ohio) was commissioned by the King family to the architect Clarence Mackm in 1926, but in the 1950s it passed into the public domain and the flora was considerably changed. Today it includes various gardens of tremendous artistic and scenic value.

The Hearst Castle Gardens (California)

Detailed information on the plants and flowers that can be seen in the different seasons of the year. These Mediterranean-inspired gardens were created around Hearst Castle in the state of California.

Tryon Palace Gardens (North Carolina)

Website containing detailed educational, tourist and leisure information. The gardens are laid out around Tryon Palace.

Wave Hill (New York)

Very detailed information with an emphasis on botanical aspects. For example, you can make interactive consultations on plants. The gardens have a huge flowering area, another area for conserving seeds and plants from around the world, an aquatic garden and a wild garden.



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