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Historic gardens in Catalonia

The following links give an example of the historic gardens in Catalonia regarded as national heritage assets.

In Catalonia Act 9/1993, of 30th September 1993 on Catalan Cultural Heritage, has established the designation of BCIN (National Asset of Cultural Interest), which also cover the category of ôHistoric Gardenö. Apart the assets listed as a Cultural Asset of National Interest (BCIN), there is the classification of Cultural Asset of Local Interest (BCIL) which includes other assets which, despite their importance, do not meet all the criteria to be classified as being of National Interest. The following list includes spaces classified under such labels and also several gardens which, despite its importance, do not have the same protection.

Finally, it is worth remembering that we have only featured gardens with an active website, so this criterion inevitably excludes other historical gardens or collections of great interest that cannot be viewed on a website.

Catalonia

El jardÝ hist˛ric de Can Solei-Ca l'Arn˙s (Badalona)

Website of the Badalona Town Council containing a section for the Department of the Environment which features the parks and gardens. There is a link to a list of trees in the park. The park is in Romantic style with sweet-smelling flowers and various water features.

El Turˇ Park

This website, managed by the Parks and Gardens Area of the Barcelona City Council, contains an exhaustive description and a wide photo gallery. The origins of this garden can be traced up to the amusement park which operated in the place until the end of the 1920s. Nicolau M. Rubiˇ i TudurÝ, then director of Barcelona's Parks department, undertook its restoration and adaptation as a public park, modelled after the Anglo-Saxon parks.

Els Camps Elisis (Lleida)

Website of the Lleida City Council with a brief description of the city's natural areas. This is an urban park that was built between the 19th and 20th centuries and is divided into French and Romantic English style gardens over woodland. It also has a glasshouse where special events are held, and the so-called Font de la Sirena (mermaid's fountain).

Els jardins de Can Castellˇ

This website, managed by the Parks and Gardens Area of the Barcelona City Council, contains an exhaustive description and a wide photo gallery. This garden was created around the manor house of Doctor Josep Castellˇ. Despite its intimacy and quietness, it treasures an impressive array of species and specimens, some of them of enormous proportions.

JardÝ BotÓnic de Cap Roig (Mont-ras i Palafrugell)

Website of the Caixa Foundation containing very detailed information. The origins of the castle and garden go back to 1927, when the Woevodsky family decided to move to this idyllic spot on the Costa Brava and were fortunate enough to have the English aristocrat and decorator Dorothy Webster as their landscape gardener. The gardens lie on a breathtaking promontory on the Costa Brava which allows a huge variety of Mediterranean, exotic, tropical and subtropical flora to flourish. The gardens were declared a BCIL in 1972.

JardÝ BotÓnic Hist˛ric de Barcelona (Barcelona)

A tiny gem among the gardens of Barcelona, nestles in the hollows of two disused quarry pits in the Foixarda sector of Montju´c, behind the Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya (National Art Museum of Catalonia, MNAC).

JardÝ BotÓnic Marimurtra (Blanes)

This website, managed by the Fundaciˇ Carl Faust, contains a lot of information and a virtual tour to the gardens. It explains the flora of the three different climatic zones that make up the garden. The website contains also data from its research centre of molecular biology, from its activity in wildlife biodiversity conservation and from a lot of links related to botany. The botanical garden was created in 1921 for the German businessman Carl Faust, and since 1951 the private founfation it's the owner of the garden. It is situated in the firsts cliffs of Costa Brava and, in an extension of 4ha, it has approximately 3000 species, most of them exotic. In 1995 it has been catalogued as a BCIN in the Historic Garden category and is considered as one of the most important gardens in Europe in the landscape perspective.

JardÝ de les Pesqueres i els Passeigs (Banyoles)

Municipal website of the Tourist Board of the Banyoles Town Council containing tourism-related information. The pesqueres are little lakeside buildings dating from the 19th century which were built by the bourgeoisie so they could fish from the edge of Lake Banyoles. Around these littlebuildings lie the gardens which were listed as BCIN under the category of Historic Garden in 1997.

Jardins de Ca l'Artigas (La Pobla de Lillet)

Website of the La Pobla de Lillet Town Council containing basic information. The gardens were initially conceived by Antoni GaudÝ and built later on by some of the labourers who had worked on Parc GŘell. It has some very unusual features such as the numerous railings, floral parterres with pottery trencadÝs (brittle) ornamentation, electric lighting, an artificial waterfall, pots and columns.

Jardins de Can Sentmenat (Barcelona)

Website of the Department of Parks and Gardens of the Barcelona City Council containing an extensive description and collection of photos. This classical-style garden is a good example of the noble gardens created by the Catalan aristocracy towards the end of the 19th century. With its lush vegetation and plenty of hundred-year-old trees and palm trees, it still treasures several remarkable spots, such as the parterres de broderie of the main terrace, the cascade or the round stone pond that can be found before the woods.

Jardins de La Tamarita (Barcelona)

Website of the Department of Parks and Gardens of the Barcelona City Council containing an extensive description and collection of photos. The gardens, featuring a fountain, lake, gazebo and sculptures, are the result of the involvement of architect Nicolau M. Rubiˇ i TudurÝ. The main building dates from 1919. The gardens are listed as BCIL under the category of Historic Garden.

Jardins de la Universitat de Barcelona (Barcelona)

Website of the Department of Parks and Gardens of the Barcelona City Council containing an extensive description and collection of photos. The site focuses on the walled Romantic garden in the University grounds which was initially designed as a botanical garden. It is listed as BCIL under the category of Historic Garden.

Jardins de Santa Clotilde (Lloret de Mar)

Website of Lloret de Mar containing detailed tourism-related information. This garden is in the Noucentista style of 1919 and is attributed to Nicolau Rubiˇ i TudurÝ. It lies in an exceptional position on top of a cliff and is structured in a series of terraces, stairways and walkways. This gardens are listed as a BCIN under the category of Historic Garden.

Jardins del Palau de les Heures (Barcelona)

Website of the Department of Parks and Gardens of the Barcelona City Council containing an extensive description and collection of photos. The planning of the palace and gardens, by architect August Font, was completed in 1895 but they were not opened to the public until 1999. The gardens are laid out in a geometrical pattern, structured over successive terraces with parterres, walkways and ponds. Notable features include the tall palm trees, sweeping magnolias and enormous Indian chestnuts.

Jardins del Palau de Pedralbes (Barcelona)

Website of the Department of Parks and Gardens of the Barcelona City Council containing an extensive description and collection of photos. The palace and the adjoining gardens were donated to the city in 1921 by the mayor at the time, Joan Antoni GŘell. The original idea was to build a residence for the Royal family. Nicolau M. Rubiˇ i TudurÝ, then director of Barcelona's Parks and Gardens department, was responsible for the transformation of the existing farmlands into the gardens that we can admire today.

Jardins del Palau Falguera (Sant Feliu de Llobregat)

The website of the Sant Feliu de Llobregat Town Council, containing basic records and a link to photos. Palau Falguera and its gardens date back to the 17th century when Jaume Falguera built a huge palace with gardens reaching as far as the River Llobregat.

Jardins Laribal in Montju´c (Barcelona)

Website of the Department of Parks and Gardens of the Barcelona City Council containing an extensive description and collection of photos. The Laribal gardens were the original nucleus of the Park of Montju´c and occupy the original estate of Josep de Laribal, whose gardens were in the Romantic style so characteristic of the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. The gardens were opened in 1922; they cover 3 hectares and are listed as BCIL in the Historic Garden category.

Parc de Can Mercader (CornellÓ de Llobregat)

Basic information on the parks in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona. Information on the park is basic but there are various links to a guide and map. It is very much a public, urban park and boasts a palm-lined walkway.

Parc de Can Vidalet (L'Hospitalet de Llobregat)

Basic information on the parks in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona. This garden originally formed part of an old summer residence dating from the mid-1800s which still has some original features. Its lake is the most popular and characteristic feature.

Parc de la Ciutadella (Barcelona)

Website of the Department of Parks and Gardens of the Barcelona City Council containing an extensive description and collection of photos. The Ciutadella Park has been listed as a cultural good since 1952 and is the only garden in the city to have this category. It was planned in 1872 by master builder Josep FontserÚ and since the end of the 19th century it has been one of the most important green zones in the city. It occupies over 17 hectares, 31 if you include the Zoo.

Parc de la Devesa (Girona)

The website of the Costa Brava Tourist Board contains a section dedicated to nature-orientated tourism. Girona city's Devesa park was established at the beginning of the 19th century as a recreational area for the enjoyment of the wealthy people. It is one of the largest urban parks in Catalonia and covers 40 hectares, of which nine are walkways shaded by plane trees. Most of the trees are over 150 years old and many now exceed 50 metres in height. It was declared a cultural good in 1943 which makes it the oldest listed Historic Garden in Catalonia.

Parc de Torreblanca (Sant Feliu de Llobregat-Sant Joan DespÝ-Sant Just Desvern)

Website of the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona with basic information on the city parks. This garden dating from the end of the 19th century and featuring grottoes and caves. The map gives the opening hours and how to get there by public transport or car.

Parc del Guinardˇ (Barcelona)

Website of the Department of Parks and Gardens of the Barcelona City Council containing an extensive description and collection of photos. The park was planned by Jean-Claude Nicolas Forestier in collaboration with Nicolau M. Rubiˇ i TudurÝ el 1916. The city is able to enjoy this park thanks to the land reserves set aside at the beginning of the 20th century. The estate faces out to sea and in 1910 became municipal property. It currently covers an area of 16 hectares.

Parc del Laberint d'Horta (Barcelona)

Website of the Department of Parks and Gardens of the Barcelona City Council containing an extensive description and collection of photos. This 18th century neoclassical garden, the oldest in the city of Barcelona, was originally designed in Italian style. In 1970 the city council took control over the place, which was reopened one year later as a public park. In 1994 a first major restoration was carried out.

Parc Nou (Olot)

Website of the Olot Town Council containing basic information on the parks and natural spots in the municipality. This park was originally a private garden and has formed part of the town's heritage since 1943. It was conceived in a Romantic and picturesque style and has features of English gardens and some wooded areas of great botanical interest.

Parc SamÓ (Cambrils)

The park is an excellent example of a 19th century garden created by Josep FontserŔ i Mestres, who was also responsible for the planning of the Ciutadella Park in Barcelona. The most interesting features of this 14-hectare park are the uniquely colonial style of the house and the large lake with its islets, bridges and gazebo.

Park GŘell

Website of the Department of Parks and Gardens of the Barcelona City Council containing an extensive description and collection of photos. Park GŘell was planned by Antoni GaudÝ and built between 1900 and 1914. Initially it was designed as a garden-city residential estate of private houses, but the project was not successful, the park was taken over by the city council and in 1923 it was opened as a public park. The park was listed as a cultural good in 1969. In 1984 was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.



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Map of the Historic Gardens of Catalonia


 

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